Port Klang is the largest port in Malaysia and is one of the top 25 container ports in the world. An estimated 11,000 ships arrive in Port Klang each year, making it a major shipping and industrial hub of Southeast Asia. Aside from shipping and associated commerce, the coastal region of Klan is also important for capture fisheries, aquaculture and human settlements. Such development activities, however, have led to some environmental problems. These include heavy siltation of the Klan River, flooding, deterioration of water quality and loss of marine habitats. Through the establishment of the integrated coastal management mechanism, local stakeholders hope to successfully address these environmental issues and develop and effective land/sea-use zonation scheme to promote sustainable development and minimize multiple-use conflicts.
Port Klang Initial Risk Assessment
The GEF/UNDP/IMO Regional Programme on Building Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA) identified Port Klang, which includes Klang and Kuala Langat districts as one of the six national demonstration sites in the region to develop and implement integrated coastal management (ICM) as a strategic environmental management framework in partnership with the national government and local stakeholders in the public and private sectors. This pioneering effort is in line with Agenda 21 of the Selangor State Government. The Memorandum of Agreement between the State Government of Selangor and PEMSEA for the implementation of this project was signed on 19 July 2001. The Selangor Waters Management Authority (Lembaga Urus Air Selangor or LUAS) has been designated by the State Government of Selangor to be the Project Management Office (PMO) for the ICM Project.
This report presents the findings and outcome of the initial risk assessment (IRA) of Port Klang, Malaysia, which is one of the component activities of the Port Klang ICM Project. The assessment was undertaken by an inter-agency, multi-disciplinary Technical Working Group composed of experts and technical personnel from various government agencies and institutions involved in the Port Klang ICM Project. The IRA of Port Klang was started during the Training Course on Environmental Risk Assessment, held from 23–28 July 2001 at Burapha University in Chonburi, Thailand, and subsequently completed at the project site. Comments from various institutions were used to refine the initial drafts.
Port Klang Coastal Strategy
The Port Klang Coastal Strategy covers social, economic and environmental issues in the coastal areas of Klang and Kuala Langat, which are directly related to the environmental values and threats as perceived by the people in these areas. Strategic responses have been developed to address such concerns, supported by series of action programs. The involvement of all stakeholders, including government, industry, private sector and the public is required in the efforts to implement the strategy.