Selangor is aggressively implementing Integrated Coastal Management

Integrated Coastal Management

Integrated coastal management (ICM) is a mechanism that involves a systematic process for managing competing issues in marine and coastal areas, including diverse and multiple uses of natural resources. It puts into practice effective governance, active partnerships, practical coordinating strategies, sustainable financial resources and strengthened technical institutional capacities.ICM’s purpose is to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of coastal governance in terms of its ability to achieve the sustainable use of coastal resources and of the services generated by the ecosystems in the coastal areas. It aims to achieve this by protecting the integrity of these natural resource systems while allowing economic development to continue to move ahead.

Responding through ICM

The ICM concept has evolved from the need to plan and manage the various economic activities that occur in the coastal areas, regulate human behaviour, coordinate policy and management interventions and integrate the use of coastal waters into land-use planning.

Nearly four decades have elapsed since ICM efforts began in the mid 1960s. Since then, we have seen a tremendous proliferation in the ICM efforts being made around the world. No less than 100 nations in the world currently practice ICM in one form or another.

In the seas of East Asia region, PEMSEA continues to develop and implement various ICM programmes. Working models from previous PEMSEA initiatives that built demonstration sites in Batangas Bay, the Philippines and Xiamen, China, have served as guides in the preparation and implementation of the various ICM activities in Bali in Indonesia, Batangas in the Philippines, Chonburi in Thailand, Danang in Vietnam, Nampho in DPR Korea, Port Klang in Malaysia, Shihwa in RO Korea, Sihanoukville in Cambodia and Xiamen in China.

Lessons learned from the demonstration sites have inspired other local government units (LGUs) in the region to replicate the ICM programmes. Known as parallel sites, they apply the best practices of the demonstration sites using their own resources. Ten sites in China, the Guimaras Province in the Philippines and Thua Thien Hue Province in Vietnam are among these parallel sites.

Today, through the development and implementation of an ICM approach, 26 local governments in 11 countries across the region are progressing towards their respective sustainable development objectives. As of June 2010, ICM programmes span 26,829 kilometers of the region’s coastline.

PEMSEA targets the implementation of ICM programmes in at least 20 percent of the region’s coasts by year 2015, to achieve the sustainable development of coastal lands and waters and to promote intra- and inter-regional partnerships in ICM capacity building.

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